Softshell Turtle Egg Care Guide For Beginners

Are you a beginner in turtle egg care and looking for expert advice on Softshell Turtle Egg Care Guide For Beginners? Look no further! The softshell turtle is an intriguing species that requires special attention in breeding and nesting.

Softshell Turtle Egg Care Guide For Beginners
Softshell Turtle Egg Care Guide For Beginners

This guide will provide helpful tips and tricks to ensure your baby’s softshells get the best possible start in life.

Whether you’re a seasoned pro or just starting, this blog post has all the information you need to become a successful caretaker of softshell turtle eggs! So, let’s dive right in!

The Allure of Softshell Turtles

Softshell turtles are a truly remarkable species, boasting a distinctive appearance and behavior that sets them apart from their hard-shelled counterparts.

With their flat, pancake-like shells and long, worm-like snouts, these turtles are a sight to behold. But beyond their unique looks, softshell turtles are also known for their voracious appetites and curious personalities, making them a delight to keep as pets.

Imagine the thrill of watching these aquatic marvels gracefully glide through the water, hunting for their next meal, or basking on a submerged log, soaking up the warmth of the sun.

And for those with a passion for conservation, raising softshell turtles can contribute to the preservation of these fascinating creatures in the wild.

Identifying Softshell Turtle Eggs

Before we embark on the journey of softshell turtle egg care, it’s crucial to understand how to identify these delicate treasures.

Unlike the hard-shelled eggs of their cousins, softshell turtle eggs have a leathery, pliable texture that allows them to conform to the shape of their surroundings.

Egg Appearance and Characteristics:

  • The oval or elongated shape
  • Off-white or pale grey color
  • Soft, leathery shell
  • Slightly pliable and dented when gently pressed

Softshell turtle eggs are typically laid in clutches, with the number of eggs varying depending on the species and the age of the female.

It’s not uncommon for experienced breeders to find clutches containing anywhere from 10 to 30 eggs or more!

Where Do Softshell Turtles Nest?

In the wild, softshell turtles are known to seek out sandy or gravelly banks along rivers, lakes, or ponds to lay their eggs.

However, in captivity, these resourceful reptiles may choose to nest in various locations within their enclosure, including:

  • Elevated basking areas
  • Corners or edges of the enclosure
  • Partially submerged areas with shallow water

Observant keepers will often notice signs of nesting behavior, such as digging or restlessness, which can help you identify potential nesting sites and prepare for egg collection.

Setting Up the Nesting Area

Creating an ideal nesting environment is crucial for the successful incubation of softshell turtle eggs. Here are some key considerations to keep in mind:

Substrate and Humidity Levels

Softshell turtle eggs require a well-draining yet moisture-retentive substrate to ensure proper development.

A mixture of equal parts vermiculite and perlite is an excellent choice, as it strikes the perfect balance between moisture retention and aeration.

To maintain optimal humidity levels, lightly mist the substrate with clean water until it reaches a slightly damp but not saturated state.

This will mimic the natural conditions found in riverside nesting sites and prevent the eggs from drying out or becoming waterlogged.

Temperature Requirements

Temperature is a critical factor in the successful incubation of softshell turtle eggs. These eggs thrive best within a narrow temperature range, typically between 80°F and 86°F (26.7°C and 30°C).

Deviations from this range can lead to developmental issues or even egg failure.

To maintain a consistent temperature, many breeders rely on specialized incubators equipped with precise temperature controls and monitoring systems.

Alternatively, you can create a DIY incubation setup using a heat source, such as a heat lamp or a reptile heating pad, combined with a thermostat to regulate the temperature accurately.

Lighting and Ventilation

While softshell turtle eggs don’t require direct light for development, providing a gentle, diffused light source can help mimic natural conditions and promote healthy incubation.

Additionally, proper ventilation is essential to ensure adequate air circulation and prevent the buildup of harmful gases or mold.

Consider using a small fan or an air pump with a diffuser to circulate the air within the incubation area gently.

This will also help maintain consistent humidity levels and prevent the formation of condensation, which can lead to bacterial growth and potential health risks for the developing embryos.

Collecting and Handling Softshell Turtle Eggs

Proper egg collection and handling techniques are crucial for ensuring the viability and successful development of softshell turtle eggs.

Here’s what you need to know:

Safe Collection Techniques

When collecting softshell turtle eggs, it’s essential to handle them with the utmost care to avoid damaging the delicate shells or disrupting the embryos inside.

Use a clean, soft-bristled brush or a spoon to gently scoop the eggs from the nesting site, being careful not to squeeze or apply excessive pressure.

It’s also essential to maintain a sterile environment during the collection process to prevent the introduction of harmful bacteria or fungi. Ensure that your hands and any tools used are clean and disinfected before handling the eggs.

Avoiding Excessive Handling

Once collected, it’s best to minimize handling of the softshell turtle eggs as much as possible. Excessive handling can disrupt embryonic development and potentially lead to malformations or even egg failure.

When transferring the eggs to the incubation container, handle them gently and avoid rolling or rotating them excessively.

It’s also advisable to mark the top of each egg with a pencil or a non-toxic marker to ensure proper orientation during incubation.

Preparing the Incubation Containers

Softshell turtle eggs require a secure and well-ventilated incubation container to ensure proper development. A plastic container with a tight-fitting lid works well, as it allows for easy monitoring and temperature control.

Line the bottom of the container with a layer of vermiculite and perlite substrate mixture, creating a slight depression or nest for the eggs.

Gently place the eggs within the nest, ensuring they are evenly spaced and not touching each other or the sides of the container.

Cover the eggs with an additional layer of substrate, leaving a small gap between the substrate and the lid for ventilation. Mist the substrate lightly with clean water to maintain the desired humidity levels.

The Incubation Process

Now that you’ve set up the nesting area and collected the eggs, it’s time to embark on the incubation journey. This phase requires patience, careful monitoring, and attention to detail to ensure a successful hatching.

Maintaining Optimal Temperature and Humidity

As mentioned earlier, temperature is a crucial factor in the successful incubation of softshell turtle eggs. Maintaining a consistent temperature within the optimal range of 80°F to 86°F (26.7°C to 30°C) is essential for proper embryonic development.

Regularly monitor the temperature within the incubation container using a reliable thermometer or a digital temperature probe. If you’re using a heat source, adjust it as needed to maintain the desired temperature range.

Humidity levels should also be closely monitored and maintained between 60% and 70%. If the substrate appears too dry, lightly mist it with clean water to increase the moisture content.

Conversely, if condensation forms on the container’s walls or lid, increase the ventilation to prevent excess humidity.

Monitoring and Rotating Eggs

During the incubation process, it’s essential to monitor the eggs closely for any signs of development or potential issues.

ALSO READ:  How Much Do Softshell Turtles Cost? Unveiling the Staggering Costs

Gently candling the eggs (shining a bright light through them) can help you detect signs of embryonic growth or spot any infertile or non-viable eggs.

Additionally, rotating the eggs periodically can help prevent the embryos from adhering to the shell and ensure even development.

Use a soft, clean pencil or marker to mark the top of each egg, and gently rotate them 180 degrees every few days.

Signs of Development and Expected Hatching Timeline

As the incubation progresses, you’ll begin to notice various signs of embryonic development within the softshell turtle eggs.

Here’s what to expect:

  • Early Development (2-4 weeks): A red blood ring or spider-like veins may become visible through the shell, indicating the embryo’s growth.
  • Mid-Development (4-6 weeks): The embryo will become more visible, and you may even see movement or twitching within the egg.
  • Late Development (6-8 weeks): The embryo will continue to grow, and you may notice a darkening or roughening of the shell as the hatchling prepares to emerge.

The typical incubation period for softshell turtle eggs ranges from 55 to 90 days, depending on the species and incubation temperature.

However, it’s essential to be patient and allow the eggs to hatch naturally, as premature interference can disrupt the process and harm the hatchlings.

Preparing for Hatchlings

As the incubation period draws to a close, it’s time to prepare for the arrival of your softshell turtle hatchlings.

Here’s what you need to know to ensure a smooth transition:

Setting Up a Suitable Habitat

Softshell turtle hatchlings have specific habitat requirements to ensure their health and proper development. A suitable enclosure should include:

  • Water Area: A shallow water area with a sloped entry point and a gentle filtration system to maintain water quality.
  • Basking Area: A dry, elevated platform or ramp for basking and thermoregulation.
  • Hiding Spots: Plenty of hiding spots, such as half-logs or aquatic plants, provide security and reduce stress.
  • Lighting and Heating: Appropriate lighting and heating systems to maintain the desired temperature gradient within the enclosure.

It’s essential to set up the habitat well in advance, allowing it to cycle and establish proper water chemistry and temperature before introducing the hatchlings.

Nutritional Requirements and Feeding Guidelines

Softshell turtle hatchlings have specific dietary needs to support their rapid growth and development. A balanced diet consisting of:

  • Protein Sources: Small feeder fish, shrimp, or commercially available turtle pellets or gel foods.
  • Calcium Supplements: Calcium and vitamin D3 supplements to ensure proper shell and bone development.
  • Vegetables: Occasional offerings of chopped leafy greens or aquatic plants for added nutrition.

Hatchlings should be fed small amounts several times a day, as their appetites and metabolisms are high during this critical growth phase.

Handling and Care for Hatchlings

Softshell turtle hatchlings are delicate and require gentle handling to prevent injury or stress. Here are some tips for proper care:

  • Minimizing Handling: Avoid excessive handling, as it can cause stress and potentially disrupt feeding or growth patterns.
  • Proper Capture Techniques: Use a soft-bristled brush or net to gently scoop up hatchlings when necessary, avoiding direct hand contact.
  • Quarantine and Monitoring: Quarantine new hatchlings and monitor them closely for any signs of illness, deformities, or abnormal behavior.
  • Record Keeping: Keep detailed records of each hatchling’s growth, feeding, and behavior to identify any potential issues early on.

Remember, patience and gentle care are critical when working with these fragile hatchlings. Providing a stress-free environment and meeting their specific needs will give them the best chance at thriving and developing into healthy adult softshell turtles.

Troubleshooting and Common Issues

Even with the best preparations and care, sometimes issues can arise during the egg incubation or hatchling-rearing process.

Here are some common problems and solutions to help you troubleshoot:

Dealing with Infertile or Non-Viable Eggs

Not all softshell turtle eggs will be viable or fertile. Infertile eggs may appear dull, lack visible veining, or fail to develop over time. Non-viable eggs may become discolored, develop mold, or emit an unpleasant odor.

If you suspect an egg is infertile or non-viable, it’s best to remove it from the incubation container to prevent potential contamination or the spread of mold or bacteria to the remaining viable eggs.

Addressing Potential Problems During Incubation

Despite your best efforts, issues such as mold growth, deformities, or improper development can sometimes occur during the incubation process. Here’s how to address some common problems:

  • Mold Growth: If you notice mold growing on the eggs or the substrate, increase ventilation and carefully remove any affected eggs or substrate. Consider adding a small amount of diluted hydrogen peroxide solution to the substrate to inhibit further mold growth.
  • Deformities or Abnormalities: In some cases, embryos may develop deformities or abnormalities. While these hatchlings may still have a chance at survival, it’s essential to consult with a qualified veterinarian or experienced breeder for guidance on their specific care needs.
  • Stuck or Stalled Hatching: If a hatchling appears to be struggling to emerge from the egg, resist the temptation to assist. Interference can cause more harm than good. Instead, maintain proper humidity levels and temperature and allow the process to unfold naturally.

Seeking Professional Assistance

While this guide provides a comprehensive overview of softshell turtle egg care and hatchling rearing, it’s always a good idea to seek professional assistance if you encounter any significant issues or have specific concerns.

Consult with experienced breeders, reptile veterinarians, or local herpetological societies for expert advice and guidance.

These professionals can provide valuable insights, troubleshoot problems, and ensure the best possible care for your softshell turtle eggs and hatchlings.

Additional Tips and Considerations

Record-Keeping and Documentation

Keeping detailed records of your softshell turtle egg incubation and hatchling-rearing journey is essential for tracking progress, identifying potential issues, and improving your skills as a breeder or keeper.

Consider maintaining a dedicated logbook or digital file where you can record the following:

  • Egg collection dates
  • Incubation temperatures and humidity levels
  • Egg candling observations
  • Hatching dates
  • Hatchling growth rates, feeding schedules, and behavior notes

This documentation not only serves as a valuable reference for future breeding seasons but also contributes to the collective knowledge of the reptile-keeping community.

Responsible Breeding Practices

While breeding softshell turtles can be a rewarding experience, it’s crucial to approach it with a sense of responsibility and ethical consideration.

Overpopulation and the release of captive-bred turtles into the wild can have detrimental effects on native populations and ecosystems.

As a responsible breeder, it’s essential to have a plan for the hatchlings, whether it’s finding suitable homes for them or ensuring that you have the resources and space to care for them as they mature correctly.

Additionally, consider joining local or online reptile-keeping communities to connect with other enthusiasts, exchange knowledge, and stay informed about best practices and regulations related to softshell turtle breeding and keeping.

Legal Considerations and Permits

In some regions, breeding and keeping certain species of softshell turtles may require specific permits or licenses.

It’s crucial to research and understand the local laws and regulations regarding the possession, breeding, and sale of these animals.

Failure to comply with legal requirements can result in significant fines or even the confiscation of your turtles.

Always prioritize responsible and legal practices to ensure the well-being of the animals and avoid any potential legal consequences.


Softshell turtle egg care and hatchling rearing is a fascinating and rewarding journey, but it also requires patience, dedication, and a commitment to responsible practices.

By following the guidelines outlined in this comprehensive guide, you’ll be well-equipped to navigate the challenges and joys of raising these unique aquatic creatures.

Remember, success in softshell turtle breeding lies in attention to detail, careful monitoring, and a willingness to learn and adapt.

Whether you’re a seasoned reptile keeper or a newcomer to the world of softshell turtles, embrace the journey with a sense of wonder and respect for these remarkable creatures.

So, gear up, prepare your incubation setup, and get ready to witness the incredible miracle of life as these tiny hatchlings emerge from their leathery shells.

With dedication and proper care, you’ll be contributing to the preservation of these fascinating species while experiencing the unparalleled joy of watching them thrive under your watchful eye.


What should the humidity level be for softshell turtle eggs?

Softshell turtle eggs require a humid environment with a humidity level of around 80%.

How often should you turn turtle eggs during incubation?

Turtle eggs should be turned twice daily during incubation to prevent the embryo from sticking to the shell.

What should I do if a turtle egg does not hatch?

A turtle egg may be infertile or have an undeveloped embryo if it does not hatch. It’s important to dispose of the egg properly to prevent bacteria buildup.

What should I do if a hatchling is not eating?

If a hatchling is not eating, it may be due to stress, improper temperature, or lighting. Check the temperature and lighting in the enclosure and provide a suitable hiding place for the hatchling to reduce stress.

How often should I clean the enclosure for hatchlings?

The enclosure for hatchlings should be cleaned regularly to prevent the buildup of bacteria and parasites. Replace the water and substrate as needed, and sanitize the enclosure regularly.

My name is Shayan Mondal, and I am a passionate turtle owner and enthusiast who enjoys sharing my knowledge and experience with fellow turtle lovers. As a proud owner of several turtle species, I understand the importance of proper care, habitat setup, and nutrition for these delightful creatures. This website regularly updates the latest insights into turtle health, diet, and conservation efforts.

Leave a Comment