What Are The Best Homemade Foods For Turtles?

Providing the right nutrition is key to keeping pet turtles healthy. Commercial foods are convenient, but homemade diets give greater control over ingredients. Crafting homemade turtle food can seem daunting for beginners.

This article covers the dietary needs of turtles and breaks down the top homemade food options to include for optimal turtle nutrition. Learn which ingredients to embrace and which to avoid.

Get easy homemade turtle food recipes and ideas even novice cooks can master. A nutritious homemade diet will set the foundation for your turtle’s health and longevity.

What Are The Best Homemade Foods For Turtles?

The best homemade foods for turtles include leafy greens like kale and collard greens, aquatic plants like duckweed, occasional fruits as treats, insects such as crickets and mealworms for protein, and calcium supplements or natural sources like cuttlebone to support shell health.

It is essential to research your specific turtle species to tailor their diet to their unique needs. Always provide clean water and a balanced diet to maintain your turtle’s health.

Top 5 Homemade Food Recipes for Turtles:

Veggie Medley with Mealworms


  • Chopped kale, carrots, squash
  • Mealworms
  • Calcium powder


  • Wash and chop the vegetables into small pieces.
  • Mix the chopped veggies and mealworms.
  • Lightly sprinkle calcium powder over the top before serving.


  • Try different combinations of vegetables like sweet potato, bell pepper, bok choy, etc.
  • Instead of mealworms, use crickets, shrimp, or boiled eggs.

Fruit Skewers


  • Diced melons, mango, berries


  • Cut fruit into small cubes or balls.
  • Thread onto a turtle-safe feeding stick or toothpick.


  • Alternate different fruits onto each skewer.
  • For juveniles, cut fruit into even smaller pieces.

Tuna Bites


  • Canned tuna
  • Cooked rice


  • Mash tuna and rice together well.
  • Form into pea-sized balls.
  • Place on a baking sheet and freeze.
  • Store frozen balls in a bag or container. Thaw before feeding.


  • Substitute plain yogurt or gelatin for rice.
  • Add calcium powder to the mix.
  • Use different proteins like salmon or egg instead of tuna.

Shrimp Salad


  • Cooked shrimp
  • Greens
  • Hard-boiled egg
  • Mayonnaise


  • Chop shrimp and greens finely.
  • Mash egg yolk and mix in mayo.
  • Gently combine all ingredients.
  • Serve in a shallow dish.


  • Use plain Greek yogurt instead of mayo.
  • Add crushed calcium supplement.
  • Substitute carrot, bell pepper, or other vegetables for greens.

Frozen Gelatin Treats


  • Unsweetened gelatin
  • Baby food
  • Salmon oil
  • Reptile vitamins


  • Prepare gelatin as instructed on the package.
  • Stir in vitamin powder and salmon oil.
  • Pour into ice cube tray and freeze.
  • Pop out cubes to feed.


  • Use different flavored baby foods.
  • Add a small amount of chopped fruit or vegetables.
  • Try freezing in fun-shaped molds.

What Should I Feed My Turtle?

Turtles are omnivores, meaning they eat both plant and animal matter. Their diet depends on factors like species, age, and environment. In general, a balanced homemade diet will include:

Vegetables and Fruits

Vegetables and fruits should comprise around 40% of a turtle’s diet. Leafy greens like kale, lettuce, spinach, and bok choy are great choices. Squashes, carrots, bell peppers, sweet potatoes, and peas provide key nutrients.

Some fruits like melons, berries, bananas, and apples can be fed sparingly. Wash produce thoroughly and chop into bite-sized pieces.

Protein Sources

About 35-40% of a turtle’s diet should consist of protein from animal sources. Mealworms, crickets, shrimp, earthworms, or feeder fish like guppies can all be excellent options. Hard-boiled eggs make a versatile, affordable protein addition, too. These foods are essential for muscle development and growth.

Commercial Food

While homemade foods are optimal, adding commercial turtle food helps with the diet. Choose a high quality pelleted formula and feed it according to package directions, around 2-3 times per week. This ensures all vitamin and mineral needs are met.

Calcium Supplements

Turtles require extra calcium for proper shell growth and development. A calcium supplement powder can be sprinkled onto food 2-3 times per week for juveniles or once a week for adults. Cuttlebone is another great calcium source that turtles will nibble on in the tank.

Vitamins and Supplements

A general reptile vitamin can help fill any nutritional gaps in the diet. Herptivite and Repashy’s Superfoods are excellent options. Follow package instructions for dusting onto foods. Turtle calcium blocks also provide vitamins and minerals when nibbled on.

Foods to Avoid

Knowing what not to feed is just as crucial as deciding what to feed. Some foods can be toxic or fatal to turtles, including:

  • Chocolate or caffeine
  • Processed meat or lunch meat
  • Citrus fruits
  • Raw meat
  • Onions, garlic, peppers
  • Salt or seasoning
  • Dairy products

Limiting high-fat treats like dried fruits, nuts, bread, or chips with little nutritional value is also best.

Feeding Baby Turtles

Baby and juvenile turtles under 1 year have different dietary needs since they are still growing rapidly. Their diet should consist of around 50% protein sources described above.

ALSO READ:  How to Clean Your Turtle's Shell? (A Step-By-Step Guide)

Mealworms and crickets dusted with calcium powder make an ideal staple. Chopped veggies and fruits can make up 30%, while commercial diet and calcium supplements round out the meals. Feed babies once daily as much as they’ll eat in 15 minutes.

Feeding Adult Turtles

Adult turtles over 1 year old require less frequent feeding than babies. Offer a meal 2-3 times per week, providing a healthy rotation of proteins, leafy greens, vegetables, fruits, and commercial pellets.

Calcium and vitamin supplement needs also decrease in adulthood. Feed adults only what they can consume within 10-15 minutes, never leaving uneaten food in the tank. This prevents waste and contamination of the water.

Determining Proper Portions

Figuring out the right amount to feed your turtle takes some observation. Generally, portions should be around the size of the turtle’s head for babies and the size of the shell for adults.

Watch your pet’s appetite and body condition, adjusting amounts so the turtle maintains an ideal weight. Some turtles are naturally heartier eaters than others. Don’t rely strictly on feeding guides; feed based on your turtle’s unique needs.

Setting Up a Feeding Station

Turtles enjoy catching live prey and can make quite a mess with their food. Please set up a proper feeding station to save cleanup time and keep their habitat clean. Options include:

  • Turtle feeding platform or dock: Place these ramps in the habitat for turtles to climb up and eat. Position over the basking area for convenience.
  • Individual dishes: Small terra-cotta planters work perfectly as turtle-feeding dishes. They allow you to monitor intake easily.
  • Tongs: Use tongs or tweezers to feed messy foods like juicy fruits or freeze-dried insects. This prevents leftovers from sinking and dirtying the water.
  • Turtle feeding tank: A separate plastic container for feedings helps contain the mess. Fill with a few inches of water and place food inside.

Rinse dishes immediately after feeding to prevent mold or bacteria growth. Siphon out uneaten foods from the habitat. A designated feeding area makes the process much tidier.

Making Your Turtle Diet Mix

For convenience, you can make bulk batches of a homemade turtle diet to store in the freezer or fridge. Here is an example blend combining proteins, produce, and supplements:

  • Chopped kale, collard, or mustard greens
  • Grated carrots or squash
  • Diced bell peppers
  • Frozen peas or green beans
  • Mealworms and crickets
  • Hard-boiled egg chunks
  • Calcium powder
  • Reptile vitamin powder

Mix equal parts of veggies and proteins, dust with supplements, and then portion out single servings. Defrost as needed and combine with some commercial pelleted food at feeding time. Customize mixes with your turtle’s favorite ingredients.

Ideas for Homemade Turtle Treats

In moderation, treats can add enrichment to a turtle’s routine. Whip up special snacks with foods like:

  • Watermelon, mango, or berries: Skewer bite-sized fruit chunks for easy feeding.
  • Shrimp: Thaw frozen shrimp and remove shells before serving.
  • Live fish: Offer feeder fish like guppies, minnows, or ghost shrimp. Goldfish are not recommended.
  • Chicken or tuna: Cook plain meat until flaky and shred into pieces.
  • Canned snails: These are a nutritious protein source many turtles relish.
  • Unsalted nuts: Chop walnuts, pecans, or almonds very finely first.
  • Gel diet: Mix baby food, salmon oil and reptile vitamins into a soft gel. Freeze in an ice cube tray for a cool treat.

Always introduce new foods slowly and in moderation to avoid upsetting your turtle’s digestion. Healthy turtles will eagerly anticipate variety at feeding time.

Can Turtles Eat Cat/ Dog/ Fish Foods?

Turtles can eat certain cat, dog, and fish foods, but it’s not recommended as a primary or exclusive part of their diet. These foods are not formulated to meet the specific nutritional needs of turtles, and a diet solely consisting of them can lead to health problems over time.

If you find yourself in a situation where you need an occasional alternative, consider high-quality cat or dog food that is low in fat and doesn’t contain excessive additives or preservatives. Fish food can also be used occasionally but should be free of any chemicals or additives.

However, these options should only serve as an occasional treat or supplement to your turtle’s diet, primarily consisting of turtle pellets, fresh vegetables, and other foods appropriate for their species.

Always consult with a reptile veterinarian or an expert in turtle care for guidance on the best diet for your specific turtle species.

[su_button Id= download url=”https://abouttheturtle.com/do-turtles-like-being-out-of-water/” target=”blank” size=”7″ center=”yes”]CLICK HERE[/su_button]

Keep Your Turtle Thriving with a Homemade Diet

Your pet turtle can enjoy excellent nutrition and longevity with a balanced diet of proteins, veggies, and supplements. Preparing homemade meals lets you control ingredients and customize recipes to satisfy even picky reptile palates.

While it takes some planning, you’ll find a rewarding sense of achievement knowing your special pet thrives thanks to the meals you prepare. Your turtle will be a happy family member with the proper diet and excellent care for years.

Turtle Diet Chart | How much to Feed Turtle| Turtle Portion Size | Turtle Healthy Food | Indian Tips


When feeding pet turtles, homemade meals allow for optimal nutrition and variety. With some planning and proper research, turtle owners can prepare balanced diets using wholesome fruits, vegetables, proteins, and supplements.

Homemade food controls ingredients, ensuring your turtle gets quality nutrition without fillers or artificial additives. You can also customize recipes to match your turtle’s preferences. While homemade options require more effort than commercial foods, they give great flexibility in catering to your pet’s needs.

Combining homemade items with store-bought pellets or flakes helps simplify the process, too. Paying close attention to your turtle’s age, species, and health is key to providing suitable homemade meals.

With a balanced homemade diet, observation of appetite, and safe food handling, turtles can thrive on delicious and nutritious cuisine. The care in homemade food preparation will keep your shelled friend happy and healthy for years.

My name is Shayan Mondal, and I am a passionate turtle owner and enthusiast who enjoys sharing my knowledge and experience with fellow turtle lovers. As a proud owner of several turtle species, I understand the importance of proper care, habitat setup, and nutrition for these delightful creatures. This website regularly updates the latest insights into turtle health, diet, and conservation efforts.

Leave a Comment