20 Different Types of Box Turtles You Can Keep as Pets

Are you intrigued by the quiet, contemplative life of turtles? Do their intricate shell patterns and ancient, wise expressions captivate your heart? Then perhaps you’ve considered welcoming one into your home as a pet.

Specifically, box turtles a diverse group with many captivating species make for fascinating, rewarding companions.

This blog post is designed to guide you through the colorful world of box turtles, providing an enlightening look into the various types of box turtles you can consider as potential pet candidates.

Whether it’s the charming Eastern Box Turtle with its vibrant, domed shell or the exotic Asian Box Turtle with its unique semi-aquatic lifestyle, each box turtle species offers its own blend of charm and intrigue.

So, sit back, relax, and join us as we embark on a captivating journey into the enchanting realm of these wonderful shelled companions.

Table of Contents

20 Different Types of Box Turtles You Can Keep as Pets:

NameSize (Inches)Lifespan (Years)Average Price (USD)Care Level
1Eastern Box Turtle4.5 – 650 – 100$200 – $400Moderate
2Ornate Box Turtle4 – 530 – 40$75 – $200Easy
3Three-Toed Box Turtle4 – 4.540 – 60$75 – $200Easy
4Florida Box Turtle4.5 – 630 – 50$100 – $300Moderate
5Asian Box Turtle6 – 830 – 50$250 – $500Moderate
6Gulf Coast Box Turtle5 – 740 – 60$150 – $300Moderate
7Chinese Box Turtle6 – 750 – 100$250 – $500Moderate-Difficult
8Desert Box Turtle4 – 530 – 50$75 – $200Easy-Moderate
9Yucatan Box Turtle5 – 640 – 60$150 – $300Moderate
10Spotted Box Turtle4 – 530 – 50$100 – $300Easy-Moderate
11Coahuilan Box Turtle5 – 650 – 80$200 – $400Difficult
12Mexican Box Turtle4 – 630 – 50$100 – $300Moderate
13Indochinese Box Turtle6 – 840 – 60$250 – $500Moderate-Difficult
14Malaysian Box Turtle7 – 930 – 50$200 – $400Moderate
15McCord’s Box Turtle5 – 650 – 80$200 – $400Difficult
16Ryukyu Box Turtle5 – 730 – 50$150 – $350Moderate
17Pan’s Box Turtle6 – 840 – 60$200 – $500Difficult
18Vietnamese Box Turtle5 – 640 – 60$250 – $500Moderate-Difficult
19Keeled Box Turtle5 – 740 – 60$150 – $350Moderate
20Yellow-Margined Box Turtle6 – 830 – 50$200 – $400Moderate

Common Box Turtles:

Box turtles are a favorite among reptile enthusiasts for their unique characteristics and striking variations in color and pattern.

However, their needs can be quite specific, and successful care requires a good understanding of their requirements. Here are some of the common types of box turtles that you may consider keeping as a pet.

  1. EASTERN BOX TURTLE (Terrapene carolina carolina): These are native to the Eastern part of the United States. They’re known for their high-domed, keelless carapace and vivid colors. They typically grow to around 4.5 to 6 inches and live 50 to 100 years. These turtles need an outdoor enclosure mimicking their natural habitat for optimal health.
  2. THREE-TOED BOX TURTLE (Terrapene carolina triunguis): This variety is popular due to its relatively small size (4 to 4.5 inches) and less demanding habitat needs. Originating from the Central United States, the Three-Toed Box Turtle gets its name from the number of toes on its hind feet. It typically has a lifespan of 40 to 60 years.
  3. ORNATE BOX TURTLE (Terrapene ornata ornata): Recognizable by its dark shell marked with bright yellow lines, the Ornate Box Turtle is native to the Central United States. They typically grow to around 4 to 5 inches in length and live 30 to 40 years. They prefer slightly arid environments compared to their Eastern counterparts.
  4. FLORIDA BOX TURTLE (Terrapene carolina bauri): Hailing from the Florida peninsula, this species is known for its richly colored and distinctly patterned shell. They can grow between 4.5 to 6 inches and have a lifespan of 30 to 50 years. They require a humid habitat and access to shallow water for soaking.
  5. GULF COAST BOX TURTLE (Terrapene carolina major): The largest of the Terrapene species, they can grow from 5 to 7 inches. Originating from the southeastern United States, these turtles are very adaptable to varying climates and habitats, but they require larger enclosures due to their size.

1. Eastern Box Turtle:

Eastern Box Turtle
Eastern Box Turtle

Quick Overview:

The Eastern Box Turtle (Terrapene carolina carolina) is one of the most commonly recognized box turtle species.

This terrestrial creature, with its distinct, highly domed carapace, and vivid, decorative markings, is a beloved sight across its native habitats in the eastern United States.

Size and Appearance:

An adult Eastern Box Turtle averages between 4.5 and 6 inches in carapace length. They have a highly domed shell that ranges from a yellowish-brown to a dark brown color, adorned with variable patterns of yellow, orange, or even red.

The plastron (lower shell) features a unique hinge, enabling the turtle to completely “box” itself inside its shell when threatened. The color of the turtle’s skin can vary from yellow to brown and even black, often punctuated with yellow or white spots.

Native Place and Habitat:

Eastern Box Turtles hail from the eastern parts of the United States. They inhabit a wide range of ecosystems such as woodlands, grasslands, marshy meadows, and even the edges of swamps. They prefer habitats with a decent amount of humidity and rainfall.

Food Habit:

Eastern Box Turtles are omnivorous, consuming a wide array of foods. Their diet includes various insects, worms, slugs, snails, berries, mushrooms, and even carrion. In captivity, it’s crucial to replicate this dietary diversity to ensure their optimal health.

Lifespan:

Eastern Box Turtles are renowned for their longevity. With proper care, they can live for 50 to 100 years, or even more. Their potential for such a long lifespan underscores the significant commitment involved in choosing to keep one as a pet.

Keeping Eastern Box Turtles as Pets:

Box turtles, including the Eastern Box Turtle, are quite popular as pets due to their manageable size and intriguing behavior.

However, they require an environment that closely replicates their natural habitat. Providing a diet rich in variety, ensuring proper temperature and humidity, and offering a safe enclosure with ample space to explore are all necessary elements of keeping an Eastern Box Turtle healthy and content.

Regular veterinary check-ups are also a key aspect of their care. As these turtles are a long-term commitment, it’s important for any potential owner to consider the time, effort, and resources necessary to provide for their needs over many decades.

2. Ornate Box Turtle:

Ornate Box Turtle
Ornate Box Turtle

Quick Overview:

The Ornate Box Turtle (Terrapene ornata ornata) is a popular species among turtle enthusiasts, celebrated for its beautifully patterned shell and amicable temperament.

Size and Appearance:

Ornate Box Turtles typically measure between 4 to 5 inches in carapace length. They boast a distinctive dark brown or black shell adorned with bright yellow lines or spots, resulting in an ornate appearance that gives them their name. The plastron is usually yellowish, without a distinct pattern.

Native Place and Habitat:

These terrestrial turtles are native to the central and southwestern United States, spanning from Indiana to Arizona. They are typically found in grasslands and prairies, where they enjoy basking in the sun and burrowing in the soil.

Food Habit:

Ornate Box Turtles are omnivorous, with their diet in the wild comprising of insects, spiders, berries, cactus fruits, and even carrion. In captivity, a diet including a variety of fruits, vegetables, and protein sources should be provided.

Lifespan:

With proper care and a healthy lifestyle, Ornate Box Turtles can live between 30 and 40 years, although some individuals have been known to live longer.

Keeping Ornate Box Turtles as Pets:

Ornate Box Turtles are often chosen as pets due to their beautiful markings, relatively small size, and friendly nature.

However, their specific needs regarding habitat, diet, and overall care must be met to ensure their health and longevity.

An outdoor enclosure that mirrors their natural habitat, a varied diet, and regular health check-ups are crucial aspects of their care. Potential owners should keep in mind the long-term commitment these turtles require before bringing them into their homes.

3. Three-Toed Box Turtle:

Three-Toed Box Turtle
Three-Toed Box Turtle

Quick Overview:

Three-Toed Box Turtles (Terrapene carolina triunguis) are a subspecies of the common box turtle. As their name implies, they are distinguished by having three toes on their hind limbs, as opposed to the four toes commonly seen in most box turtles. Known for their peaceful demeanor, these turtles are a popular choice among pet enthusiasts.

Size and Appearance:

The average adult Three-Toed Box Turtle is relatively small, typically measuring between 4 to 4.5 inches in length.

Their carapace, or upper shell, can range from olive to brown, often with a variable pattern of light yellow lines or spots. Their plastron, or lower shell, is hingeless, which distinguishes them from other box turtles.

The skin color can vary from brown to green, and they have a distinct yellowish or orangish spot on each side of their head.

Native Place and Habitat:

Three-Toed Box Turtles are primarily found in the central and southern United States, including the state of Missouri, which recognizes it as the official state reptile.

They inhabit a variety of habitats such as grasslands, meadows, marshes, and open forests. They are well adapted to both moist and relatively dry environments.

Food Habit:

Three-Toed Box Turtles are omnivores, consuming a diverse diet consisting of insects, worms, snails, fruits, berries, and greens. In captivity, a balanced diet that replicates their natural food habits should be provided for their nutritional wellbeing.

Lifespan:

In a well-maintained captive environment, a Three-Toed Box Turtle can live for 40 to 60 years. This longevity means that they are a long-term commitment for those considering them as a pet.

Keeping Three-Toed Box Turtles as Pets:

Three-Toed Box Turtles are often kept as pets due to their manageable size, unique appearance, and interesting behaviors.

However, like all box turtles, they have specific care needs that must be met. They require a well-planned enclosure that mimics their natural habitat with access to both sunlit and shaded areas.

A balanced diet, regular vet check-ups, and correct temperature and humidity conditions are also important aspects of their care. Their long lifespan means prospective owners should consider this commitment carefully before adoption.

4. Florida Box Turtle:

Florida Box Turtle
Florida Box Turtle

Quick Overview:

The Florida Box Turtle (Terrapene carolina bauri) is a captivating species known for its vibrant coloration and distinctive appearance, making it a favorite among turtle enthusiasts.

Size and Appearance:

Florida Box Turtles are relatively small with an average length between 4.5 to 6 inches. Their carapace is typically brown or black and often decorated with yellow or orange radiating lines or spots, which can sometimes form a net-like pattern. Their skin color varies from olive to black with yellow, orange, or even white spots.

Native Place and Habitat:

As their name suggests, Florida Box Turtles are native to Florida, USA. They are often found in moist habitats such as marshes, wet prairies, and woodland areas. These turtles appreciate a humid environment with plenty of foliage and water bodies.

Food Habit:

Florida Box Turtles are omnivores, consuming a wide range of foods from insects and small invertebrates to fruits, berries, and fungi. In captivity, a well-balanced diet that includes a variety of these foods is essential for their health.

Lifespan:

With proper care, these turtles can live for 30 to 50 years. This extended lifespan makes them a long-term commitment for any potential pet owner.

Keeping Florida Box Turtles as Pets:

Owing to their vibrant appearance and interesting behaviors, Florida Box Turtles are often sought after as pets. However, they have specific care requirements that must be fulfilled to ensure they thrive in a captive environment.

These turtles require a well-maintained habitat that mimics their natural moist and leafy surroundings. Regular veterinary check-ups, a diverse and balanced diet, and careful monitoring of temperature and humidity are integral to their care.

Considering their longevity, those who wish to keep these turtles as pets should be prepared for a significant commitment.

5. Asian Box Turtle:

Asian Box Turtle
Asian Box Turtle

Quick Overview:

  • Scientific Name: Cuora amboinensis
  • Other Names: Malayan Box Turtle, Southeast Asian Box Turtle
  • Type: Semi-Aquatic Turtle
  • Average Size: 6-8 inches
  • Average Enclosure Temperature: 75-85°F
  • Basking Area Temperature: 85-90°F
  • Humidity level: 60-80%
  • Eating Habit: Omnivore
  • Average Lifespan: 30-50 years
  • Average Price: $250 – $500
  • Care Level: Moderate

Size and Appearance:

Asian Box Turtles, on average, grow to a size between 6 to 8 inches. They possess a dark olive to black carapace (shell), which is relatively flat compared to other box turtles. Their plastron (lower shell) has a hinge allowing them to close up tightly when threatened.

Native Place and Habitat:

The Asian Box Turtle is native to the tropical regions of Southeast Asia. They are semi-aquatic, which means they need both land and water sections in their enclosure.

They prefer living in areas with high humidity, marshlands, rice fields, and slow-moving or stagnant water bodies in their wild habitat.

Food Habit:

Asian Box Turtles are omnivorous, which means they consume a mixed diet of meat and plant matter. Their meals may include earthworms, insects, snails, berries, fruits, and vegetables.

Lifespan:

The Asian Box Turtle boasts a lifespan of between 30 to 50 years if given proper care. This means providing them with a balanced diet, proper habitat, and regular vet checks to ensure they live long, healthy lives.

6. Gulf Coast Box Turtle:

Quick Overview:

  • Scientific Name: Terrapene carolina
  • Other Names: Eastern Box Turtle
  • Type: Terrestrial Turtle
  • Average Size: 4.5 to 6 inches (11 to 15 cm) in length
  • Average Enclosure Temperature: 75-85°F (24-29°C)
  • Basking Area Temperature: 85-95°F (29-35°C)
  • Humidity level: 60-80%
  • Eating Habit: Omnivorous (eats both plants and small invertebrates)
  • Average Lifespan: 30 to 50 years
  • Average Price: Varies; typically ranges from $50 to $200
  • Care Level: Intermediate

Size and Appearance:

The Gulf Coast Box Turtle is a small to medium-sized turtle with a high-domed shell. It has a brown or black shell with yellowish or orange patterns and markings.

The skin coloration can range from olive to dark brown. Males typically have red eyes and a concave plastron, while females have brown eyes and a flat plastron.

Native Place and Habitat:

The Gulf Coast Box Turtle is native to the southeastern United States, primarily inhabiting the Gulf Coast region.

It can be found in various habitats, including forests, grasslands, marshes, and wetlands. They prefer areas with a mix of open space and vegetation, such as forest edges or meadows near water sources.

Food Habit:

These turtles are omnivores and have a varied diet. They feed on a combination of plant matter, such as fruits, berries, leaves, and flowers, as well as small invertebrates like insects, worms, snails, and slugs.

Lifespan:

Gulf Coast Box Turtles have a relatively long lifespan, with an average of 30 to 50 years. With proper care and a suitable environment, some individuals have been known to live even longer.

7. Chinese Box Turtle

Quick Overview:

  • Scientific Name: Cuora flavomarginata
  • Other Names: Yellow-margined box turtle
  • Type: Reptile
  • Average Size: 5-7 inches (12-18 cm)
  • Average Enclosure Temperature: 75-85°F (24-29°C)
  • Basking Area Temperature: 90-95°F (32-35°C)
  • Humidity Level: 60-80%
  • Eating Habit: Omnivorous
  • Average Lifespan: 30-40 years
  • Average Price: Varies, depending on factors such as age, size, and color morph
  • Care Level: Intermediate

Size and Appearance:

The Chinese Box Turtle is a small to medium-sized turtle species with an average size ranging from 5 to 7 inches (12 to 18 cm). They have a domed carapace (shell) that is typically brown or black in color.

The edges of the shell have yellow markings, which give them their alternative name, Yellow-margined box turtle. Their skin is usually dark brown or black, and they have distinct yellow stripes on their head, neck, and limbs.

Native Place and Habitat:

Chinese Box Turtles are native to China, specifically the southern regions. They can also be found in parts of Taiwan and Vietnam.

In the wild, they inhabit various habitats, including forests, marshes, and grasslands. They are semi-aquatic turtles and spend time both in water and on land.

Food Habit:

Chinese Box Turtles are omnivores, meaning they consume a variety of plant and animal matter. Their diet typically consists of insects, earthworms, snails, small fish, fruits, vegetables, and leafy greens. It is important to provide them with a balanced diet to ensure their nutritional needs are met.

Lifespan:

Chinese Box Turtles have a relatively long lifespan, with an average range of 30 to 40 years. With proper care, some individuals have been known to live even longer.

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8. Desert Box Turtle (Gopherus agassizii)

Quick Overview:

  • Scientific Name: Gopherus agassizii
  • Other Names: Agassiz’s Desert Tortoise
  • Type: Land-dwelling turtle
  • Average Size: 4 – 5 inches (shell length)
  • Average Enclosure Temperature: 75 – 85°F (24 – 29°C)
  • Basking Area Temperature: 90 – 95°F (32 – 35°C)
  • Humidity Level: Low to moderate
  • Eating Habit: Omnivorous (primarily herbivorous)
  • Average Lifespan: 30 – 50 years
  • Average Price: $75 – $200
  • Care Level: Easy-Moderate

Size and Appearance:

Desert Box Turtles have an average shell length of 4 to 5 inches. They have a high-domed shell that is usually brown or tan in color. Their shells are sturdy and adapted to desert environments.

The skin coloration can vary from yellowish to dark brown. These turtles have strong limbs with sharp claws that help them dig burrows.

Native Place and Habitat:

Desert Box Turtles are native to the southwestern United States, particularly in the Mojave and Sonoran deserts. They inhabit arid regions with sandy or gravelly soils, rocky areas, and desert grasslands. They are well-adapted to the hot and dry desert climate.

Food Habit:

Desert Box Turtles are omnivores, but they are primarily herbivorous. They feed on a variety of desert vegetation, including grasses, leafy greens, cacti, and flowers. They also consume some insects, worms, and other small invertebrates as part of their diet.

Lifespan:

On average, Desert Box Turtles can live for 30 to 50 years with proper care. However, some individuals have been known to live even longer, surpassing 70 years in captivity.

9. Yucatan Box Turtle

Quick Overview:

  • Scientific Name: Kinosternon scorpioides yucatanense
  • Other Names: None commonly known
  • Type: Box Turtle
  • Average Size: 5 – 6 inches
  • Average Enclosure Temperature: 75 – 85°F (24 – 29°C)
  • Basking Area Temperature: 90 – 95°F (32 – 35°C)
  • Humidity Level: Moderate to High
  • Eating Habit: Omnivorous
  • Average Lifespan: 40 – 60 years
  • Average Price: $150 – $300
  • Care Level: Moderate

Size and Appearance:

The Yucatan Box Turtle is a small to medium-sized turtle, reaching an average size of 5 to 6 inches. It has a distinct box-shaped shell with rough texture and a brown or black coloration.

The shell is usually domed and has three prominent ridges running along its length. The skin coloration can vary but is often dark with yellow or orange markings. Males are typically smaller than females and have longer and thicker tails.

Native Place and Habitat:

The Yucatan Box Turtle is native to the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico, as well as parts of Belize and Guatemala. It inhabits various freshwater habitats, including swamps, marshes, streams, and ponds. These turtles are mainly found in areas with dense vegetation and access to both water and land.

Food Habit:

Yucatan Box Turtles are omnivores, meaning they eat a combination of plant and animal matter. Their diet consists of a variety of foods, including insects, worms, snails, small fish, amphibians, fruits, and leafy greens.

Providing a balanced diet is essential to their health, and offering a mix of protein-rich foods and vegetation is recommended.

Lifespan:

Yucatan Box Turtles have a relatively long lifespan compared to some other turtle species. On average, they can live for 40 to 60 years when provided with proper care, a suitable environment, and a nutritious diet.

10. Spotted Box Turtle

Quick Overview:

  • Scientific Name: Terrapene nelsoni
  • Other Names: Nelson’s Box Turtle
  • Type: Terrestrial Turtle
  • Average Size: 4-5 inches
  • Average Enclosure Temperature: 75-85°F (24-29°C)
  • Basking Area Temperature: 85-90°F (29-32°C)
  • Humidity Level: Moderate (around 60%)
  • Eating Habit: Omnivorous (eats both plant matter and small invertebrates)
  • Average Lifespan: 30-50 years
  • Average Price: $100-$300
  • Care Level: Easy-Moderate

Size and Appearance:

The Spotted Box Turtle typically reaches an average size of 4-5 inches. They have a domed shell with distinct dark spots on a brown or olive background. The shell may show varying patterns among individuals. The head and limbs are usually dark in coloration.

Native Place and Habitat:

The Spotted Box Turtle is native to North America, specifically found in parts of the southwestern United States, including Arizona and New Mexico. They inhabit arid regions with a mix of grasslands, shrubs, and rocky areas.

Food Habit:

Spotted Box Turtles are omnivores, meaning they consume a variety of foods. Their diet includes both plant matter, such as fruits, vegetables, and leafy greens, as well as small invertebrates like insects and worms.

Lifespan:

On average, Spotted Box Turtles can live for 30-50 years with proper care and habitat conditions.

Please note that this is a brief overview, and additional research on the specific care requirements for Spotted Box Turtles is recommended before considering them as pets.

11. Coahuilan Box Turtle (Scientific Name: Terrapene coahuila)

Quick Overview:

  • Other Names: Coahuilan box turtle, Mexican box turtle
  • Type: Aquatic/semi-aquatic turtle
  • Average Size: 5 – 6 inches
  • Average Enclosure Temperature: 75 – 85°F (24 – 29°C)
  • Basking Area Temperature: 90 – 95°F (32 – 35°C)
  • Humidity Level: 60 – 70%
  • Eating Habit: Omnivorous (eats both plants and small animals)
  • Average Lifespan: 50 – 80 years
  • Average Price: $200 – $400
  • Care Level: Difficult

Size and Appearance:

The Coahuilan Box Turtle typically reaches an average size of 5 to 6 inches. It has a domed shell with a brown or olive-brown coloration. The shell features intricate patterns and keels that give it a unique appearance.

The skin is usually dark with light spots or markings. Males generally have a concave plastron and longer, thicker tails compared to females.

Native Place and Habitat:

The Coahuilan Box Turtle is native to Coahuila, Mexico. It is specifically found in the Cuatro Ciénegas Basin, which consists of springs, wetlands, and shallow pools. This turtle is adapted to a semi-aquatic lifestyle and is often found in or near water bodies.

Food Habit:

Coahuilan Box Turtles are omnivores, meaning they eat both plant matter and small animals. Their diet includes various vegetation such as leaves, fruits, and flowers, as well as insects, worms, and other small invertebrates.

Lifespan:

On average, Coahuilan Box Turtles have a lifespan of 50 to 80 years. With proper care and a suitable environment, they can live for several decades.

Care Level:

The Coahuilan Box Turtle requires a higher level of care compared to some other turtle species. It needs an appropriate enclosure with access to both land and water, along with proper temperature and humidity control.

Providing a varied diet and regular veterinary check-ups is important for their well-being. Due to their specific requirements, they are considered difficult to care for and require experienced turtle keepers.

12. Mexican Box Turtle (Terrapene carolina mexicana)

Quick Overview:

  • Scientific Name: Terrapene carolina mexicana
  • Other Names: Mexican box turtle, Mexican painted turtle
  • Type: Box turtle
  • Average Size: 4-6 inches
  • Average Enclosure Temperature: 75-85°F (24-29°C)
  • Basking Area Temperature: 85-90°F (29-32°C)
  • Humidity Level: Moderate to high humidity, around 60-80%
  • Eating Habit: Omnivorous

Size and Appearance:

Mexican Box Turtles are medium-sized turtles, typically measuring between 4 to 6 inches in length. They have a high-domed shell with a brown or dark brown coloration.

The shell may feature intricate patterns or markings. Their heads are usually dark with yellow or orange markings. Males can be distinguished by their larger size and longer tails.

Native Place and Habitat:

Mexican Box Turtles are native to Mexico and parts of the southwestern United States. They inhabit a variety of habitats, including grasslands, woodlands, and semi-arid regions. They are often found near water sources such as streams, ponds, or marshes.

Food Habit:

Mexican Box Turtles are omnivores, meaning they eat a combination of plant matter and animal prey. Their diet consists of various vegetation, such as fruits, vegetables, leafy greens, and flowers. They also consume insects, worms, snails, and small invertebrates.

Lifespan:

Mexican Box Turtles have an average lifespan of 30-50 years. With proper care, some individuals have been known to live even longer.

Average Price:

The average price of Mexican Box Turtles can range from $100 to $300, depending on factors such as age, size, and availability. Prices may vary among different regions and sellers.

Care Level:

Mexican Box Turtles require a moderate level of care. They need a suitable enclosure with proper temperature and humidity levels, a balanced diet, regular access to water, and regular veterinary check-ups. It is essential to provide them with a spacious and enriched environment to exhibit natural behaviors.

13. Indochinese Box Turtle

Quick Overview:

  • Scientific Name: Cuora galbinifrons
  • Other Names: Vietnamese Box Turtle, Annam Leaf Turtle
  • Type: Terrestrial
  • Average Size: 6-8 inches
  • Average Enclosure Temperature: 75-85°F (24-29°C)
  • Basking Area Temperature: 85-95°F (29-35°C)
  • Humidity Level: Moderate to High (50-70%)
  • Eating Habit: Omnivores
  • Average Lifespan: 40-60 years
  • Average Price: $250 – $500 USD
  • Care Level: Moderate-Difficult

Size and Appearance:

Indochinese Box Turtles have an average size of 6-8 inches. They have a high-domed shell with a keeled appearance. The shell coloration can vary from olive green to dark brown, with yellow lines or spots. The head is relatively large with a hooked upper jaw.

Native Place and Habitat:

Indochinese Box Turtles are native to various countries in Southeast Asia, including Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia. They inhabit forested areas, marshes, and rice paddies near streams or ponds.

Food Habit:

Indochinese Box Turtles are omnivores. They have a varied diet, including both animal matter (such as insects, snails, worms, and small vertebrates) and plant matter (such as fruits, vegetables, and leafy greens).

Lifespan:

On average, Indochinese Box Turtles can live for 40-60 years under proper care and conditions. With their long lifespan, they require a long-term commitment from their owners.

14. Malaysian Box Turtle:

Quick Overview:

  • Scientific Name: Cuora amboinensis
  • Other Names: Amboina Box Turtle, Malayan Box Turtle
  • Type: Aquatic/Terrestrial
  • Average Size: 7 – 9 inches
  • Average Enclosure Temperature: 75 – 85°F (24 – 29°C)
  • Basking Area Temperature: 85 – 90°F (29 – 32°C)
  • Humidity level: 60 – 80%
  • Eating Habit: Omnivores
  • Average Lifespan: 30 – 50 years
  • Average Price: $200 – $400
  • Care Level: Moderate

Size and Appearance:

The Malaysian Box Turtle, scientifically known as Cuora amboinensis, typically grows to an average size of 7 to 9 inches. It has a sturdy shell with a domed shape, which can vary in color and pattern. The shell often displays shades of brown, black, and olive, while the skin is usually dark with yellow or orange markings.

Native Place and Habitat:

The Malaysian Box Turtle is native to Southeast Asia, including countries like Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, and the Philippines. It inhabits a range of environments, including freshwater bodies such as rivers, ponds, and swamps, as well as nearby terrestrial areas like forests and grasslands.

Food Habit:

Malaysian Box Turtles are omnivores, meaning they consume a combination of animal and plant matter. Their diet typically consists of various invertebrates, such as insects, worms, and snails, as well as vegetation like aquatic plants, fruits, and leafy greens.

Lifespan:

On average, Malaysian Box Turtles have a lifespan of 30 to 50 years when provided with proper care, nutrition, and habitat conditions.

15. McCord’s Box Turtle:

Quick Overview:

  • Scientific Name: Cuora mccordi
  • Other Names: None
  • Type: Terrestrial turtle
  • Average Size: 5-6 inches
  • Average Enclosure Temperature: 75-85°F (24-29°C)
  • Basking Area Temperature: 90-95°F (32-35°C)
  • Humidity Level: Moderate to high humidity (around 70%)
  • Eating Habit: Omnivorous
  • Average Lifespan: 50-80 years
  • Average Price: $200-$400
  • Care Level: Difficult

Size and Appearance:

McCord’s Box Turtles typically reach an average size of 5-6 inches. They have a domed shell with prominent keels on each scute.

The shell coloration can vary, often displaying a mix of dark brown, orange, and yellow markings. Their skin color ranges from brown to olive, and they have distinct yellow markings on their head, neck, and limbs.

Native Place and Habitat:

McCord’s Box Turtles are native to the mountainous regions of northern Vietnam and southern China. They inhabit forested areas and are often found near streams and ponds. These turtles prefer a moist environment with access to both land and water.

Food Habit:

McCord’s Box Turtles are omnivores, meaning they eat a combination of plant matter and animal protein. Their diet consists of various vegetation, such as leaves, fruits, and flowers, as well as insects, worms, snails, and small vertebrates.

Lifespan:

On average, McCord’s Box Turtles have a lifespan of 50-80 years. With proper care and a suitable environment, they can live for several decades.

16. Ryukyu Box Turtle:

Quick Overview:

  • Scientific Name: Cuora sp.
  • Other Names: Ryukyu black-breasted leaf turtle, Ryukyu snapping turtle
  • Type: Semi-aquatic turtle
  • Average Size: 5-7 inches
  • Average Enclosure Temperature: 75-85°F (24-29°C)
  • Basking Area Temperature: 90-95°F (32-35°C)
  • Humidity Level: 60-80%
  • Eating Habit: Omnivorous (eats both plants and small animals)
  • Average Lifespan: 30-50 years
  • Average Price: $150 – $350
  • Care Level: Moderate

Size and Appearance:

The Ryukyu Box Turtle is a small to medium-sized turtle, typically reaching an average size of 5-7 inches in length.

It has a dome-shaped carapace (top shell) that is usually dark brown or black, with yellowish or light brown markings. The plastron (bottom shell) is lighter in color. The skin is generally dark, and the head is relatively large with a pointed snout.

Native Place and Habitat:

The Ryukyu Box Turtle is native to the Ryukyu Islands of Japan, specifically Okinawa and surrounding islands. It inhabits various aquatic and terrestrial habitats, including forests, grasslands, and freshwater streams or ponds.

Food Habit:

Ryukyu Box Turtles are omnivores, meaning they eat a combination of plant matter and small animals. Their diet may include various fruits, vegetables, leafy greens, worms, insects, and small aquatic creatures like fish or tadpoles.

Lifespan:

On average, Ryukyu Box Turtles have a lifespan of 30-50 years when provided with proper care and a suitable environment.

17. Pan’s Box Turtle:

Quick Overview:

  • Scientific Name: Cuora pani
  • Other Names: Pan’s Box Turtle
  • Type: Land-dwelling turtle
  • Average Size: 6 – 8 inches
  • Average Enclosure Temperature: 75 – 85°F (24 – 29°C)
  • Basking Area Temperature: 90 – 95°F (32 – 35°C)
  • Humidity level: 60 – 80%
  • Eating Habit: Omnivorous
  • Average Lifespan: 40 – 60 years
  • Average Price: $200 – $500
  • Care Level: Difficult

Size and Appearance:

Pan’s Box Turtles typically reach a size of 6 to 8 inches. They have a dome-shaped carapace (shell) with a dark brown or black coloration.

The plastron (bottom shell) is yellowish with black blotches. Their skin is typically brown or black with yellow markings. Males usually have a longer and thicker tail than females.

Native Place and Habitat:

Pan’s Box Turtles are native to China. They can be found in areas with a subtropical or temperate climate, including forests, grasslands, and wetlands. They prefer habitats with access to water, such as ponds, streams, and marshes.

Food Habit:

Pan’s Box Turtles are omnivores, which means they eat a variety of foods. Their diet includes insects, worms, snails, small fish, fruits, vegetables, and leafy greens. It’s important to provide them with a balanced diet to ensure their nutritional needs are met.

Lifespan:

On average, Pan’s Box Turtles have a lifespan of 40 to 60 years. With proper care and a suitable environment, they can live even longer.

18. Vietnamese Box Turtle:

Quick Overview:

  • Scientific Name: Cuora cyclornata
  • Other Names: Vietnamese Pond Turtle, Annam Leaf Turtle
  • Type: Box Turtle
  • Average Size: 5-6 inches
  • Average Enclosure Temperature: 75-85°F (24-29°C)
  • Basking Area Temperature: 90-95°F (32-35°C)
  • Humidity Level: Moderate to high
  • Eating Habit: Omnivores
  • Average Lifespan: 40-60 years
  • Average Price: $250 – $500
  • Care Level: Moderate-Difficult

Size and Appearance:

The Vietnamese Box Turtle typically reaches an average size of 5-6 inches. They have a distinctive appearance with a high-domed carapace (top shell) that is dark brown or black in color.

The carapace often features yellow or orange markings. Their plastron (bottom shell) is usually a yellowish color with dark markings. They have strong legs and a hinged plastron that allows them to close tightly to protect themselves.

Native Place and Habitat:

The Vietnamese Box Turtle is native to Vietnam, particularly in the central and southern regions. They inhabit various freshwater habitats such as ponds, streams, and marshes. They can also be found in rice paddies and areas with dense vegetation.

Food Habit:

Vietnamese Box Turtles are omnivores, meaning they consume both plant matter and animal protein. Their diet consists of a variety of insects, worms, snails, small fish, fruits, and leafy greens. It is important to provide them with a well-balanced diet to ensure their nutritional needs are met.

Lifespan:

On average, Vietnamese Box Turtles have a lifespan of 40-60 years. With proper care and a suitable environment, they can live for several decades.

19. Keeled Box Turtle:

Quick Overview:

  • Scientific Name: Cuora mouhotii
  • Other Names: Asian Keeled Box Turtle, Keeled Pond Turtle
  • Type: Semi-aquatic turtle
  • Average Size: 5-7 inches
  • Average Enclosure Temperature: 75-85°F (24-29°C)
  • Basking Area Temperature: 85-90°F (29-32°C)
  • Humidity level: 60-80%
  • Eating Habit: Omnivorous (feeds on both plants and small invertebrates)
  • Average Lifespan: 40-60 years
  • Average Price: $150-$350
  • Care Level: Moderate

Size and Appearance:

Keeled Box Turtles have an average size of 5-7 inches. They have a high, domed carapace (shell) with noticeable keels or ridges along each scute (section).

The carapace coloration varies from dark brown to olive or black, often with yellow or orange markings. The plastron (underside) is typically yellow with dark patterns. Males are generally smaller and have longer, thicker tails compared to females.

Native Place and Habitat:

Keeled Box Turtles are native to various parts of Asia, including China, Vietnam, and Laos. They inhabit diverse habitats such as forests, grasslands, and wetlands. They can be found near bodies of water like streams, ponds, and rice fields. These turtles spend time both in water and on land.

Food Habit:

Keeled Box Turtles are omnivores, meaning they eat a combination of plant matter and small invertebrates. Their diet includes a variety of leafy greens, fruits, vegetables, worms, insects, and occasionally small fish or carrion. Providing a well-balanced diet is crucial for their health.

Lifespan:

On average, Keeled Box Turtles can live for 40-60 years. With proper care and a suitable environment, some individuals may even exceed these lifespan expectations.

I hope this provides a concise overview of the Keeled Box Turtle. Let me know if you have any more questions!

20. Yellow-Margined Box Turtle:

Quick Overview:

  • Scientific Name: Cuora flavomarginata
  • Other Names: Yellow-edged Box Turtle
  • Type: Terrestrial Turtle
  • Average Size: 6 – 8 inches
  • Average Enclosure Temperature: 75 – 85°F (24 – 29°C)
  • Basking Area Temperature: 90 – 95°F (32 – 35°C)
  • Humidity Level: 50 – 70%
  • Eating Habit: Omnivorous
  • Average Lifespan: 30 – 50 years
  • Average Price: $200 – $400
  • Care Level: Moderate

Size and Appearance:

Yellow-Margined Box Turtles typically grow to an average size of 6 to 8 inches. They have a smooth, dome-shaped carapace (shell) with distinctive yellow markings along the edges, giving them their name.

The carapace is usually dark brown to black in color. Their plastron (lower shell) is yellowish with dark blotches. The skin of these turtles is usually dark with yellow or orange markings on the head and limbs.

Native Place and Habitat:

Yellow-Margined Box Turtles are native to parts of eastern and southeastern Asia, including China, Taiwan, and Japan. They inhabit a variety of habitats, including forests, grasslands, and wetlands. They are mostly terrestrial but are known to venture into shallow water bodies.

Food Habit:

These turtles are omnivorous, meaning they eat both plant matter and animal prey. In the wild, their diet consists of a variety of vegetation, including fruits, leaves, and flowers. They also feed on insects, worms, snails, and small aquatic organisms.

Lifespan:

On average, Yellow-Margined Box Turtles have a lifespan of 30 to 50 years. With proper care and a suitable environment, they can live even longer.

Who Should Not Get A Box Turtle?

There are certain individuals or situations where getting a Box Turtle as a pet may not be suitable. Here are some examples of who should not get a Box Turtle:

  • YOUNG CHILDREN: Box Turtles require careful handling and may not be suitable for young children who may not have the ability to handle them properly or understand their needs. Turtles can bite or scratch if mishandled, and young children may not have the necessary patience or understanding to provide appropriate care.
  • IMPULSIVE OR INEXPERIENCED INDIVIDUALS: Box Turtles require specific care and attention, including maintaining proper enclosure conditions, providing a balanced diet, and addressing any health issues that may arise. Impulsive or inexperienced individuals who may not be willing to invest time, effort, and resources into the proper care of a turtle may not be suitable owners.
  • INDIVIDUALS WITH LIMITED SPACE: Box Turtles require a suitable enclosure with ample space to move around, including both land and water areas. If someone has limited space or is unable to provide an adequately sized enclosure, it may not be suitable for a Box Turtle.
  • INDIVIDUALS WITH ALLERGIES: Some people may have allergies to reptiles, including Box Turtles. Before getting a Box Turtle as a pet, individuals with known reptile allergies should consider whether they can comfortably live with and care for a turtle without experiencing adverse allergic reactions.
  • INDIVIDUALS IN JURISDICTIONS WITH LEGAL RESTRICTIONS: Some jurisdictions have specific laws or regulations regarding the ownership of Box Turtles or other reptiles as pets. It’s important to research and understand the local regulations before acquiring a Box Turtle to ensure compliance with the law.

Conclusion:

In conclusion, this blog post has provided an overview of 20 different types of Box Turtles that you can keep as pets.

From the Eastern Box Turtle to the Yellow-Margined Box Turtle, each species has its own unique characteristics and care requirements. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced turtle enthusiast, there’s a Box Turtle out there for you.

It’s important to consider factors such as size, lifespan, price, and care level when choosing a Box Turtle as a pet. Some species are more suitable for beginners due to their easy-care requirements, while others may require more experienced owners due to their specific needs.

Remember, owning a Box Turtle is a long-term commitment. These fascinating creatures can live for several decades, so it’s crucial to provide them with a suitable habitat, a balanced diet, and regular veterinary care. By understanding and meeting their needs, you can ensure a happy and healthy life for your pet Box Turtle.

Whether you’re captivated by the vibrant patterns of the Ornate Box Turtle or intrigued by the exotic allure of the Vietnamese Box Turtle, the world of Box Turtles offers a variety of options to suit different preferences and levels of expertise.

So, if you’re ready to embark on a rewarding journey as a Box Turtle owner, take the time to research, prepare, and create a suitable environment for your new shelled companion.

With proper care and attention, your Box Turtle will become a cherished member of your family, bringing joy and wonder to your life for years to come.

My name is Shayan Mondal, and I am a passionate turtle owner and enthusiast who enjoys sharing my knowledge and experience with fellow turtle lovers. As a proud owner of several turtle species, I understand the importance of proper care, habitat setup, and nutrition for these delightful creatures. This website regularly updates the latest insights into turtle health, diet, and conservation efforts.